Chapter 3-500: Radiation

The use of radiation is the responsibility of the Radiation Safety Unit of the Environmental Health and Safety Office and the campus Radiation Safety Committee. Campuses with nuclear reactors also have a Reactor Supervisor and a Reactor Operations Committee responsible for use of the reactor.

In California, the State Health and Safety Code governing use of radiation supersedes federal regulations except when such use involves nuclear reactors, Department of Energy contracts, or the use of radioactive material on federal property. In these cases, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission regulations (10 CFR Chapter 1) govern the licensing and use of radioactive materials and radiation-producing machines. (See External Requirements 3-F11.) In addition, the Food and Drug Administration issues regulations (21 CFR Chapter 1) which govern radiation emissions from electronic products. (See External Requirements 3-F12.)

The California Code governing radiation control is set forth in CCR Title 17, Public Health Section 30100. It is based on agreement with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, subject to the provisions of 10 CFR Part 150. In general, these regulations require the licensing or registration of anyone possessing or using radioactive materials or radiation-producing machines. The California State Department of Public Health, Radiologic Health Branch, licenses each campus for possession and use of radioactive materials and radiation-producing machines. (See External Requirements 3-S04.)

Use of radiation at LBNL follows DOE Order 440.1B.

3-510 Responsibilities of EH&S and the Radiation Safety Committee

The Radiation Safety Committee establishes policies which implement federal and State regulations and statutes pertaining to the use of radioactive materials and ionizing radiation-producing machines. It authorizes the use of ionizing radiation on campus. Each campus with a radioactive materials license must have a Radiation Safety Officer (RSO) who, in addition to advising on regulatory requirements, provides technical staff to the Radiation Safety Committee.

EH&S reviews proposals involving radiation and, after approval by the Radiation Safety Committee, issues Radiation Use Authorizations (RUA) to the Principal Investigators. A valid RUA must be in effect prior to ordering radioactive material. Radioactive material shipments are routed through EH&S. EH&S is responsible for transportation and disposal of radioactive wastes and the training of employees in all aspects of radiation safety. It inspects and monitors radiation uses and electronic product radiation safety to assure compliance with appropriate State and federal codes and regulations.

3-511 Nuclear Reactor Supervisio

The Reactor Operations Committee and Reactor Supervisor are responsible for establishing policies which implement federal regulations governing the use of a nuclear reactor. They must review and approve proposed experiments which would involve the use of the reactor.

3-520 Role of the Contracts and Grants Office

The cover sheet or approval form which accompanies a proposal from a Principal Investigator to the Contracts and Grants Office asks for the application or RUA number of the Investigator if radiation is involved in the research proposed. If such authorization has not been obtained or applied for, the Investigator is referred to EH&S. Generally, Principal Investigators apply for or have an RUA before submitting a proposal to the Contracts and Grants Office.