Code and Regulatory Compliance
Volume 3, Chapter 4
- 4.1 CODE COMPLIANCE
- 4.2 PUBLIC UTILITIES AND LOCAL JURISDICTIONS
- 4.3 CALIFORNIA ENERGY CONSERVATION CODE REQUIREMENTS
- 4.4 DISTRICT REGULATIONS
- 4.5 FEDERAL REGULATIONS
Numerous building codes, standards, federal and state legislation, and federal, state, and local agency regulations may affect University projects. This chapter sets out some that might typically be applicable. This list is not exclusive. It is essential that the Facility Environmental Health and Safety Office be contacted to determine all such codes and regulations that apply to any project. The University is its own enforcement agency for all code requirements except certain requirements of the fire code, access compliance with respect to State funded projects, and certain medical facilities. For these code requirements, University projects are subject to plan approval and enforcement authority by three state agencies: Office of the State Fire Marshal (SFM), Division of the State Architect/Access Compliance (DSA-AC), and Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (OSHPD).
4.1 CODE COMPLIANCE
All Facility design and construction projects must comply with all applicable state building code requirements and all applicable local, state, and federal agency regulations. Several other titles of the California Code of Regulations (CCR) apply to different aspects of University projects. These titles may include operational or construction provisions. Use of these titles depends on the type of project. They include, but are not limited to, the following:
- California Code of Regulations, Title 8, Industrial Relations.
- California Code of Regulations, Title 13, Hazardous Materials Transportation.
- California Code of Regulations, Title 17, Radiation Safety.
- California Code of Regulations, Title 19, Public Safety.
- California Code of Regulations, Title 20, Public Utilities and Energy.
- California Code of Regulations, Title 21, Public Works.
- California Code of Regulations, Title 23, Underground Storage Tank Regulations.
- California Code of Regulations, Title 25, Housing and Community Development.
- California Code of Regulations, Title 26, Toxics.
Title 24, or the California Building Standards Code (CBC), is one of 26 titles of CCR, formerly called the California Administrative Code (CAC).
By policy, the University follows eleven parts of CCR, Title 24, California Building Standards Code, for code compliance. Some codes are based on nationally recognized model codes, while others are California's own codes. California adds its requirements, called "amendments," to the model codes. Codes also reference national standards developed by organizations such as the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), etc.
CCR, Title 24, California Building Standards Code, consists of the following 12 parts:
- Part 1 - California Building Standards Administrative Code
- Part 2 - California Building Code
- Part 2.5 - California Residential Building Code
- Part 3 - California Electrical Code
- Part 4 - California Mechanical Code
- Part 5 - California Plumbing Code
- Part 6 - California Energy Code
- Part 7 - (No longer published in Title 24. See Title 8, CCR)
- Part 8 - California Historical Building Code
- Part 9 - California Fire Code
- Part 10 - California Existing Building Code
- Part 11 - California Green Building Standards Code (CALGreen)
- Part 12 - California Reference Standards Code
The University complies with regulations of the following state agencies:
- California Building Standards Commission (BSC).
- Division of the State Architect/Access Compliance (DSAAC).
- Office of the State Fire Marshal (SFM).
- Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (OSHPD).
Other requirements. For specialized projects, such as asbestos abatement, there may be other federal, state, and local regulations, licenses, and special permits required. Contact the Facility environmental health and safety office (see FM2:5.3. and FM4:6).
4.1.1 Effective Code Date for University projects.
Fire and Life Safety Requirements. By agreement with the SFM, the effective code date for fire and life safety requirements of new and remodeled University building projects is the edition of the CBC in effect at the time of the first submittal of "Preliminary Drawings" (design development drawings and specifications) as defined in the State Administrative Manual. The date of receipt of this first submittal is the official "date of record" for the project. The edition of CBC in effect on that date will be applied for the duration of the project. In the event Preliminary Drawings are not submitted to the Designated Campus Fire Marshal prior to submission of "Construction Documents" (defined as working drawings and specifications), the edition of the CBC in effect on the date of receipt of the Construction Documents by the Designated Campus Fire Marshal will apply. An exception to this procedure could occur during the 180-day transition to newly-adopted code edition; a campus and the Designated Campus Fire Marshal may agree to use the new code edition although not yet legally in effect.
Disabled Access Requirements. Division of the State Architect/Access Compliance (DSA-AC) requires that projects be designed to the latest disabled access provisions in the CBC in effect at the time of filing of an application with its offices.
Medical Center Requirements. Acute care hospital projects, skilled nursing facilities, or intermediate care facilities must comply with the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (OSHPD) procedures and requirements. OSHPD requires that projects be designed to the latest provisions in CBC in effect at the time of filing an application for a permit with its office. Campus Building Officials, not OSHPD, review applications for "licensed clinics" or OSHPD 3 regulations.
4.1.2 Building Official
Campus Building Official. Each Facility designates a "Campus Building Official" to perform the functions of "Building Official" as required by the CBC. Campus Building Officials ensure code compliance for all campus projects and ensure that fire and life safety requirements are reviewed by the Designated Campus Fire Marshal (DCFM) and Disabled Access requirements are reviewed by the DSA-AC when required. Campus Building Officials also enforce OSHPD's "licensed clinic" regulations referred to in the Building Code as "OSHPD 3". Campus Building Officials shall establish procedures to perform the responsibilities and duties of "Building Official" outlined in the CBC. Campus Building Officials oversee the code compliance process, including the issuance of a Certificate of Occupancy. In the administration of these duties, Campus Building Officials may use in-house staff or consultant plans examiners and construction inspectors. All plans examiners and construction inspectors must meet qualifications and requirements established in the CBC.
Campus Building Officials issue a Certificate of Occupancy after verification of code compliance and review by other officials, as appropriate. The form of the Certificate of Occupancy is determined by the Campus Building Official and should include the following information:
- numerical identifier
- building's address, location or CAAN number owner's name
- a description of the portion of the building for which the certificate applies
- a statement that the project has been inspected for compliance with the requirements of the code
- building official's name and signature
Campus Fire Marshal. The Campus Fire Marshal is the responsible enforcement authority for State Fire Marshal regulations and grants "fire clearance" before a building is occupied. Therefore, it is important that the Campus Building Official and the Campus Fire Marshal work together to ensure code compliance (see also "Office of State Fire Marshal" in section 4.1.3 below).
4.1.3 State Agencies with Plan Approval Authority
Three state agencies have plan approval authority for code compliance for University projects. Construction documents and supporting data are submitted to these code enforcement agencies for final approval (see RD2.2, State Agencies with Plan Approval Authority). Agency reviews result in document approvals and the necessary permits for funding release (state-funded projects), bidding, and construction. Each Facility is responsible for meeting the code requirements of these agencies and to obtain the necessary project approvals from these enforcing agencies. The three agencies that perform plan review for University projects are:
Division of the State Architect, Access Compliance. When required, Division of the State Architect, Access Compliance (DSA-AC), has plan approval authority for disabled access code compliance. Several parts of the CBC contain the accessibility requirements for facilities.
When using Title 24, Chapter 11B, Section1134B, Accessibility for Existing Buildings, to determine if a renovation project has a "valuation threshold" that triggers the disabled access "path of travel" requirements for existing buildings, use the sum of the costs listed on lines 0, 1, 2 and 4 in the Capital Improvement Budget (CIB) as the "Total Construction Cost." The concept of "disproportionate cost," or the "20% rule," only applies to existing buildings.
Office of the State Fire Marshal. The Office of the State Fire Marshal (SFM) has historically performed plan review and construction inspection for UC projects, excluding Medical Center projects, to ensure compliance with fire and life safety regulations. SFM requirements are located in various parts of the CBC. The University currently has a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Office of the State Fire Marshal that allows qualified Campus Fire Marshals to perform plan review, approval and construction inspection for fire safety regulations at campuses. If a campus elects to participate, qualified Campus Fire Marshals with this authority are called "Designated Campus Fire Marshals (DCFM)". Campuses submit projects to the DCFMs in lieu of submittals to the State Fire Marshal's office. Under the MOU, qualified Campus Fire Marshals also have the authority to perform "Existing Facility Inspections" or Title 19 Inspections.
Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development. The Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (OSHPD) performs plan reviews and construction inspection of hospital and acute health care facilities including Acute Care Hospitals, Acute Psychiatric Hospitals, and Skilled Nursing Facilities (excluding certain licensed clinics).
OSHPD requirements for hospitals and acute health care facilities are located in various parts of Title 24, CBC. OSHPD's administrative regulations such as fees, submittal procedures, and SB 1953 (Alquist Hospital Seismic Safety Act) requirements are found in Title 24, Part 1, Building Standards Administrative Code. OSHPD's building standards are found in both special OSHPD chapters or in particular code sections indicated by "[OSHPD 1 or 2]." The University has a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with OSHPD allowing qualified Campus Fire Marshals to do plan review and construction inspection at Medical Centers for fire and life safety. Contact the Designated Campus Fire Marshal to verify if a Medical Center is enrolled in the program. Medical Centers submit projects to the DCFMs for plan review and construction inspection of fire and life safety regulations in lieu of submittals to OSHPD.
OSHPD's building standards for Licensed Clinics are located in several code sections and are indicated by "[OSHPD 3]". Clinic projects are not submitted to OSHPD for plan review, but rather fall under a Campus Building Official"s jurisdiction. (See OSHPD's website).
California Coastal Commission. If a project is within the boundary of the coastal zone, then the project must be reviewed and approved by the state's Coastal Commission.
Division of Industrial Safety and Health, Elevator Unit (Cal/OSHA-ES). The unit reviews the construction or alteration of elevators. Cal/OSHA-ES requirements are located in Title 8, Elevator Safety Orders and other applicable code sections.
4.2 PUBLIC UTILITIES AND LOCAL JURISDICTIONS
Facility and local fire departments review a Facility's emergency access plans. The departments analyze road location, configuration, turning radius, width, and location of fire hydrants.
Although local jurisdictions neither review nor approve University Projects, a Facility may want to consult with local jurisdictions to allow public utility companies and local jurisdictions to assess and make recommendations about a project's impacts on their services, such as right-of-way access, easements, and utility consumption. Some local fire departments may have delegated authority from the SFM for fire and life safety issues. Examples of local jurisdictions include:
- Water districts
- Sewer (sanitary) districts (may have enforcement authority for waste water control)
- Air quality districts (may have enforcement authority for emissions control)
- Electrical power companies
- Natural gas companies
- Telephone companies
4.3 CALIFORNIA ENERGY CONSERVATION CODE REQUIREMENTS
4.3.1 Procedures for Compliance with Energy Regulations
By administrative policy, the University uses the energy efficiency requirements of Title 24, Part 6, California Energy Code, for its projects. The Campus Building Official is responsible for carrying out its enforcement. University policy requires Green Building design and clean energy standards. Responsible design professionals, as selected by the Facility, are required to submit specific certification (as required by the California Energy Code) to the Building Official for inclusion in the permanent project record documents file. Copies of the Title 24 compliance forms for both residential and nonresidential construction are available online.
-California Energy Commission-Energy Efficiency Standards.
-Blueprint Newsletter of the California Energy Commission/Energy Efficiency Division's Efficiency Standards Office.
4.4 DISTRICT REGULATIONS
4.4.1 Air Quality Management Districts.
Facilities are subject to both the federal and state Clean Air Acts, which are implemented through regional air quality management districts. Each air quality management district's regulations depend upon its clean air plan to address air quality in that district. Each Facility is responsible for meeting the requirements of these districts as they relate to capital improvement projects. See the California Local Air District Directory and section 4.5.2 below and consult with Facility Environmental Health and Safety offices for additional information.
It is essential that the Facility Environmental Health and Safety Office be contacted to determine all such district regulations that apply to any project.
California Code of Regulations Title 23 Waters. Storm Water Program sets development standards on all landscape, paving or roofing changes that are 2,500 square feet in area or greater from original size to treat stormwater runoff under the Phase II MS4 Permit (Municipal Separate Storm Sewer Systems).
The Phase II Municipal Separate Storm System Sewer Permit (MS4) requires construction projects to ensure the following items are met before projects are deemed complete in State Water Resource Board reporting:
Certification Statement from Engineer of record that treatment devices meet MS4 requirements;
Inspector of Record approval of installation;
Operations and Maintenance Manual of stormwater devices are provided to the University. Projects should include these requirements in contract documents where needed.
Sites greater than one acre are obligated to file for the Construction General Permit (CGP) in the California State Water Resources Control Board's Storm Water Multiple Application and Report Tracking System (SMARTS) database. (See California State Water Resources Control Board website)
Both the Phase II MS4 Permit and Construction General Permit require treatment of stormwater runoff when adding or modifying more than 2,500 square feet of impervious surfaces, including roofing and paving area. Common examples of stormwater treatment include bioswales, landscaping, rain collection/cisterns, tree planting, green roofs, etc. Projects must document these changes using the California State Water Resources Control Board’s Post Water Balance Calculator or by similar means. Each Facility maintains requirements for Best Management Practices (BMP's), consult with the EHS Office and Division One specification.
4.5 FEDERAL REGULATIONS
Facilities are subject to the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, and the Regulations pertaining to underground storage tanks. Specific projects may also be subject to numerous other Federal regulations not listed here. It is essential that the Facility Environmental Health and Safety Office be contacted to determine all such regulations that apply to any project.
4.5.1 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) became law on July 26, 1990. This civil rights law prohibits discrimination against any "qualified individual with a disability." Title II, Subpart A, applies to the University:
No qualified individual with a disability shall, by reason of such disability, be excluded from participation in or be denied the benefits of the services, programs, or activities of a public entity or be subjected to discrimination by any such entity.
University policy (available in FM1:5.1) states in part:
The University of California does not discriminate, on the basis of handicap, against any qualified handicapped persons by excluding them from participation in, denying them the benefits of, or otherwise subjecting them to discrimination under any University program or activity.
Facilities Compliance Guidelines. For a description of the procedures for the initial implementation of the requirements of the ADA.
The University is also required to comply with the accessibility requirements found in California law in Part 2 of the CBC.
4.5.2 Clean Air Act
The Clean Air Act (CAA) regulates stationary and mobile sources of air pollutants through National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) and National Emission Standards of Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs). Major sources of air emissions include combustion equipment, process units, material storage areas, and mobile vehicle fleets.
Title V Operating Permits Program. Title V is a permitting program for all major sources of regulated air pollutants. The definition of a major source depends on a particular air district. Generally, a major source is one that has the potential to emit more than 100 tons per year (tpy) of any criteria pollutant or 10 tpy or any hazardous air pollutant (HAP) or 25 tpy of HAPs in the aggregate. Boiler emissions have put several facilities into the Title V program. Each local air district administers the Title V Permit Program. For further information, contact the Facility environmental health and safety office.
Protection of Stratospheric Ozone; Refrigerant Recycling. These regulations under the CAA establish a recycling program for ozone-depleting refrigerants recovered during the serving and disposal of air-conditioning or refrigeration equipment.
Facilities Compliance Guidelines. The Facility is responsible for ensuring that equipment complies with the Clean Air Act requirements and for obtaining necessary permits.
4.5.3 Clean Water Act
Wastewater (40 CFR parts 122 and 403). In general, Facilities discharge campus wastewater into municipal sanitary sewer systems for off-site treatment at local wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). As "indirect dischargers," Facilities are governed by local wastewater pretreatment standards administered through industrial wastewater discharge permits issued to Facilities by local WWTPs. Local pretreatment standards vary widely depending upon the WWTP's capacity, condition, and effluent discharge limitations.
Facilities Compliance Guidelines. The Facility is responsible for compliance with local wastewater pretreatment standards and permit limitations, including any monitoring and reporting requirements.
Stormwater ("Industrial" facilities [40 CFR Part 122]). Under Phase I stormwater regulations designed to control "non-point source" pollution from stormwater runoff, certain discrete facilities may be required to obtain NPDES stormwater discharge permits. These facilities include landfills, wastewater treatment plants, steam electric power generating facilities (possibly co-gen plants), and Facility bus maintenance facilities. Permit conditions include preparing a site-specific stormwater pollution prevention plan, and monitoring and recordkeeping requirements.
Facilities Compliance Guidelines. The Facility is responsible for obtaining discrete "industrial facility" stormwater discharge permits and complying with all permit conditions and requirements, including preparation of a Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) for discrete facilities.
Stormwater (Construction sites >1 acre in size [40 CFR Parts 122-124]). Phase II stormwater regulations require that all Facility construction sites greater than one acre in size obtain a NPDES stormwater discharge permit. Permit conditions include preparing a site-specific stormwater pollution prevention plan, and monitoring and record keeping requirements.
Facilities Compliance Guidelines – The Facility is responsible for obtaining discrete construction site stormwater discharge permits (for all sites larger than one acre) and complying with all permit conditions and requirements including preparation of a Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) and implementation of appropriate sediment and erosion controls on each site.
Stormwater (Facility-wide [Phase II regulations 40 CFR Parts 122-124]) - Phase II revisions to previous stormwater regulations require that all state Facilities obtain a stormwater discharge permit covering runoff from the entire Facility. Permit conditions include preparing a site-wide stormwater management plan, and monitoring and recordkeeping requirements.
Facilities Compliance Guidelines – The Facility is responsible for obtaining a Facility-wide stormwater discharge permit including those off-site facilities captured under the regulations. The Facility is responsible for complying with all permit conditions and requirements including preparation of a Facility-wide Stormwater Management Plan (SWMP) and implementation of selected Best Management Practices (BMPs).
4.5.4 Hazardous Waste laws
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and its counterpart in the California hazardous waste control laws manage the generation, transportation, and disposal of hazardous waste from cradle to grave. Each Facility is regulated as a generator, typically because of chemical usage in laboratories. However, there are other Facility activities that generate hazardous waste such as: transformer oil, janitorial cleaning compounds, vehicle fluids, maintenance materials, print shop inks and dyes, and photography shop developing solutions. The hazardous waste generator permit program is administered by each county's Certified Unified Program Agency (CUPA) under a Memorandum of Agreement with the California Department of Toxic Substances Control. In addition, various federal state, and local regulations apply to the transport, storage, handling, and use of hazardous materials.
Regulations Pertaining to Underground Storage Tanks. Many petroleum products such as gasoline, diesel fuel, waste oil, heating oil, and vehicle fluids are often stored in underground tanks in order to comply with building and fire codes. Federal and state regulations require that all steel underground fuel tanks must be fitted with secondary containment or both interior lining and cathodic protection; all tanks must have tank level monitors, an overfill prevention system, and a spill container; and all underground pressurized piping installed before January 1, 1984 must be retrofitted with secondary containment. The permitting of underground storage tanks is administered by each county's Certified Unified Program Agency (CUPA) under a Memorandum of Agreement with the State Regional Water Quality Control Boards.
Facilities Compliance Guidelines. Each Facility is responsible for compliance with federal and state requirements and obtaining the necessary permits.
Caveat: This chapter sets out some, but not all, of the codes and regulations that might typically be applicable to a Facility project. This list is not exclusive. It is essential that the Facility Environmental Health and Safety Office be contacted to determine all such codes and regulations that apply to any project.
Revision June 14, 2011 (Change # FM 11-028-P)